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Ranked 3 of 17 Restaurants in Oak Ridge. Reviewed August 8, Apr Apr 2- 4, Apr Mar Mar Mar Apr 16 Apr Mar Apr 9 Mar , Apr 5- 9. Feb Mar 4 Feb Mar Apr 2 Mar Apr May 21 May Feb Feb Streets were laid out in the manner of a " planned community ". North-to-south oriented streets connecting these main roads were designated "Avenues", and streets branching off from the avenues were designated "Roads", "Places", "Lanes", or "Circles".
Construction personnel swelled the wartime population of Oak Ridge to as much as 70, That dramatic population increase, and the secret nature of the project, meant chronic shortages of housing and supplies during the war years. The news of the use of the first atomic bomb against Japan on August 6, , revealed to the people at Oak Ridge what they had been working on.
Oak Ridge was developed by the federal government as a segregated community as a requirement by the Southern bloc of Democrats in Congress to authorize funding for the project. Due to generally holding lower-ranked jobs, their assigned dwellings were predominantly government-built "hutments" one-room shacks located very close to the Y plant, in the one residential area designated as colored. Kenneth Nichols , the MED District Engineer, was told by the main construction contractor for the K plant that the Negro construction labor force had a large turnover rate, so Nichols gave permission to set up a separate black women's camp.
When Leslie Groves visited the plant with K. Keller of Chrysler, Keller saw twelve Negro women sweeping the thirty-foot wide alley between the production units, and said "Nichols, don't you know there is a machine made to sweep a concrete floor like this? The men now had an opportunity to "fracas" on Saturday night, and labor turnover had reduced.
After the war, all hutments were dismantled, and a colored neighborhood of permanent houses was developed in the Gamble Valley area of Oak Ridge, which during wartime had been occupied by a white trailer community.
Oak Ridge elementary education prior to was totally segregated; it was legally part of the Anderson County system though built and operated primarily with federal funds. Oak Ridge High School was closed to black students, who had to be bussed to Knoxville for an education. It operated until Oak Ridge High School was desegregated in the fall of In , the Oak Ridge Town Council encouraged desegregation of Oak Ridge High School; this resulted in an unsuccessful attempt by some residents to recall Waldo Cohn , one of the council.
Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education that segregated public schools were unconstitutional, the Oak Ridge officials changed their policy and desegregated the schools. The nearby high school in Clinton was desegregated in the fall of It was later bombed and closed. Oak Ridge provided space at a recently vacated elementary school building the original Linden Elementary School for the education of high school students from Clinton for two years while Clinton High School was being rebuilt.
Robertsville Junior High School, serving the west half of Oak Ridge, was desegregated at the same time as the high school. Elementary schools in other parts of the city and Jefferson Junior High School, serving the east half of the city, were desegregated slowly as African-American families moved into housing outside of Gamble Valley. In , Scarboro Elementary School was closed, and African-American students from Gamble Valley were bussed to other schools around the city. Following the Brown decision, public accommodations in Oak Ridge were also integrated, although this took a number of years.
In the early s, Oak Ridge briefly experienced protest picketing against racial segregation in public accommodations, notably outside a local cafeteria and a laundromat. The Roane Anderson Company administered community functions, including arranging housing and operating buses, under a government contract.
Oak Ridge, Tennessee - Wikipedia
The community adopted a city manager and City Council form of government rather than direct federal control. The S liquid thermal diffusion plant was demolished soon after the war. K , where uranium was enriched by the gaseous diffusion process until , was demolished in — Two of the four major facilities created for the wartime bomb production are still standing today:. In , the Department of Energy declassified a report showing that significant amounts of mercury had been released from the Oak Ridge Reservation into the East Fork Poplar Creek between and A federal court ordered the DOE to bring the Oak Ridge Reservation into compliance with federal and state environmental regulations.
The Department of Energy runs Oak Ridge National Laboratory , a nuclear and high-tech research establishment at the site, and performs national security work.
Titan , a supercomputer at the National Laboratory, was named the world's fastest supercomputer in However, in June the Department of Energy announced that the USA had retaken the crown of "world's fastest supercomputer" from China after IBM and the Oak Ridge National Laboratory ORNL unveiled "Summit", a new supercomputer that is claimed to be more than twice as powerful as the current world leader, with a peak performance of , trillion calculations per second. By comparison, China's Tianhe-2 has a processing power of 93 petaflops 93, trillion calculations per second. Tours of parts of the original facility are available to American citizens from June through September.
The tour is so popular that a waiting list is required for seats. This series of bends creates a half-rectangle formation—surrounded by water on the northeast, east, and southwest—in which Oak Ridge is situated. The Oak Ridge area is striated by five elongated ridges that run roughly parallel to one another in a northeast-to-southwest direction.
These ridges and valleys are part of the Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians physiographic province. The main section of the city is located in the northeast, where East Fork and Pine Ridge give way to low, scattered hills. Many of the city's residences are located along the relatively steep northeastern slope of Blackoak Ridge.
Class of 12222 – Senior Corner
The lakefront on the east side of the city is a popular recreation area, with bicycling trails and picnic areas lining the shore. The lake is also well known as a venue for rowing competitions. According to the United States Census Bureau , the city has a total area of Precipitation is high, averaging The rainiest calendar day on record is August 10, when 7.
As of the United States Census ,  there were 29, people, 12, households, and 7, families residing in the city. The population density was There were 14, housing units at an average density of The racial makeup of the city was Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 4. There were 12, households, with